Cinema may be referred to as the art of recording of audio/ visual images in records that are to be watched by the public in the form or entertaining, informing and educating the viewers. This is the most preferred way of entertainment that is appreciated by many viewers in the world today other that the Hard News that highlights on the issues of human interests and current events in the world today (Cook, 2007, p. 92).
Cinemas are commonly associated with film; this is where the recorded images are arranged in sub sequential way in and with a cast which perform the rolls. The cast and the arrangement of events results to the clear depiction of the events that are going on in the film and thus providing the viewers with the opportunity of following and getting entertainment from the what is going on in the film (Burt, 1995, p. 36).
The film industry is said to have undergone through a lot of changes that are being experienced today (Rushton, 2004, p. 230). It is estimated that the film industry was as a result of the revolution of the initial entertainment methods that were commonly used thousand years ago that includes plays, poems and dances. At the initial stages there was the use of scripts, producers, audience, costumes, direction, story boards and the arena, this is where these plays and poems were watched (Walters, 2009, par 8).
In the 1860 the film industry was revolutionized by the use of machine as the use of still images that were passed through some the magic lanterns that would display these still pictures and these images would not be used to present a desired effect and in the process it resulted to the formation of film animation (Watkins, 2009, par ). In 1878 the first motion picture was produced this was as a result of the capturing of the movement of a galloping horse, and in the 1880 the development of motion picture camera allowed the individual component images to be captured and stored in a reel steel. It resulted to the development of the motion picture projector that was used to the projection of the light on a surface for all the viewers to watch; these were static images that reflected an event and action and no editing and other cinematic techniques that are being experienced today (Rushton, 2004, p. 241).
Classification of Cinemas (films)
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The cinemas (film) industry can be said to have undergone three different stages that are known as the Early, Classical and Modern stages of films. The early stages of cinema were the initial days when the film industry was being set up; this includes the early years 1860 to the early 1990s when the first motion picture was developed. The classical period was the periods between 1900 all the way to the 1960s when the film industry was faced with a complete metamorphosis. This change was aimed at changing the concept, process and ideas that the film industry had seen some change that transformed it completely. The Modern age can be literally be associated with the 20th century, that is the period from the late 1970s to date; this is when other visual effects such as colors, effects, camera tricks and more sound effects were incorporated when making a piece of movie (Advameg, 2011, par 3). This eventually made it easy for the film industry to develop to the point of being more efficient and more entertaining than was there before.
The Evolution 9of Cinema (introduction of sound effects in the films)
Cinema has undergone significant changes that are said to have positively transformed and developed the industry for the better. In fact; to some point it created new avenues and critics that are aimed at ensuring that the industry has transformed for the better as compared to the past cases were the cinema industry wasn’t more interesting and more entertaining to the audience (Faber & Walters, 2003. p. 83).
In the early stages of cinema the cinema industry was very dull; in that the producers of these films were mostly producing cinemas that were comprised of still images without the incorporation of audio/sounds in them (Clubb, 2002 par 6). This is said to be a way in which the period portrayed the cinema as it was just the beginning of the cinema industry as and thus after it was invented it faced radical transformation that helped it to transform for the better that is the state that it is at the moment.
In the period ranging from the years 1900 all the way to 1960s also known as the classical period in cinema production faced rapid changes; this was when the producers of films introduced new changes in their works. This is when they introduced the use of motion picture and replacing still pictures with motion pictures and at the same time introducing the use of sound and sound tracks in their works. The move was in order to help in them in highlighting more on the theme and at the same time increase some flavor and tone into the film that they are producing (Clubb, 2002, par. 3).
The modern era in cinema production which is currently being experienced today is said to be the period that has completely transformed the cinema production industry to a higher level (Nowell-Smith, 1999, p. 66). This period has encountered the transformation of the cinema industry completely; this is because this period has seen the incorporation of popular soundtracks in the films, use of graphic image effect, singing and dancing in the film, use of chronological flow of the movies, addition of drama in the films amongst other new changes that are still being introduced in the films (Cook, 2007, p. 47).
The Important Roles of Soundtrack in a Film
Soundtracks are mainly seen as an important aspect in the cinema industry and it was first incorporated in the film “The Birth of a Nation” that was produced in 1915 by D.W. Griffith. This movie incorporated a live recording orchestra that was well known in the United States of America and the interdiction of the music (soundtracks) in the movies played an important role in the movies that were being produced among these advantages /changes that soundtracks added in the movies includes the following (Merritt, 2000, p. 92).
The first role of soundtracks in a film is introducing the mood of the casts in the movie this is where it supports the cast to display there feelings in the movie including happiness, sadness, tension, triumph, suspense, intrigue, patriotism, fright, fury, pain amongst other aspects of feelings that are associated with the feelings of the cast (Green, 2011, par 7). This also helps them to audience to also be moved or feel as part of the movie that they are watching (Watkins, 2009 par 2).
The other importance of soundtracks is to help the audience know the specific location, country of the film. It also helps the film makers to show there audience the specific year or season the film was recorded, in this case it will provide the audience with a clear guide on what is happening in the film and the location of the film.
Although sound tracks are useful some of then are misleading if they are not properly used in the film, soundtracks are used to emphasize on the different plots in the film. Therefore, whenever there are different scenario than what the sound track is emphasizing on it ends up being confusing (Xinhua, 2005, par 5). It is therefore advisable that those who will be deciding on the sound track to use they must be conversant with the different themes of the film and understand the different scenes so that when they are planning on the can place the correct sounds where its supposed to be.
A soundtrack also helps the filmmakers to develop a theme for their film and at the same time ensure that there is continuity in the film (New Grove Dictionary of Music, 2010. par 6). This is by the use of the soundtrack the filmmaker will be in a position of shifting from one scene to the other and at the same time help them develop a theme of the film in the shifting from one scene to the other; a dark screen will be seen by the audience and followed by another shot while the music plays thus providing the audience with a cool transition from one scene to the other (Merritt, 2000, p. 73).
Soundtracks have also played an important role in attracting the numbers of the audience to watch the film (Doty, 2009, par. 4). This is especially experienced when a popular celebrity’s song is used in the film as a soundtrack; the numbers of viewers who will want to be associated with the movie will increase. This is because the fans feel more associated with the film this is because their favorite artists /song is used in the film this being the most important role played by soundtrack (Rumsey, 2002, p. 16).
Soundtracks also helps the film makers to set the tone of their films, this will be experienced as a result of the film makers choice of the soundtrack. This will also help the cast to perfect their actions and also move the audiences’ instincts on the movie. An example is when a filmmaker uses gangster hip-hop song it will show that the film is all about violence and murder while the use of soft toned love songs by the film makers will help the audience conclude the film all about love and romantic film.
The use of soundtracks has also evolved the film industry completely, that is when it is used by the film makers as a way of showing the audience the end of the movie and at the same time showing the rolling credit (Faber & Walters, 2003, par 28 ). This will provide the audience with an opportunity of knowing the casts; this is by reading there names and at the same time getting to listen to the soundtrack completely as in the movie conspiracy theory that stared Mel Gibson and Julia Roberts while the soundtrack “Can’t Take My Eyes Off You” Lauryn Hill.
Soundtracks are also useful as they are used in misleading the audience in to believing that there isn’t anything wrong that is about to happen. This is usually experienced in the film when something terrible is about to happen as a soft music will be first accompany the motion picture and then followed by a sudden violent attack on an individual; thus eventually followed by shocking music a method that is commonly associated with horror films (Walters, 2009, par 3).
The Different Functions of Soundtracks between the Modern and Classical Films
There are slight differences that have been encountered today in the film industry with some main differences includes; the use of soundtracks as had been explained earlier soundtracks play an important role in the film making process, but these differences that existed included the use of the soundtracks.
The first noted difference that exists between the modern and classical soundtracks is that in the modern soundtracks were used to entertain and also attract more and viewers in that it ensured that the soundtrack that are used in the modern time are using pop songs as their soundtracks. This is when the film makers use popular recording artists to appear or even perform in the screenplay and ensure that they attract more viewers in watching the movie; while in the classical times there was the use of pianos, violins and other classical instrument in showing the differences that existed between the modern and classical films.
The other deference of the soundtracks that has been experienced between the classical and modern filmmaking period was the use of audio recordings that were used in the films to develop the film. In the case of modern films soundtracks their is a frequent use of songs that are popular where there is also the in inclusion of vocal codes of the performing artists while in the classical film there was the use of instrumental and live performances from the artists and there was rarely is no use of vocal codes on these films.
The other difference between the modern and classical soundtracks was in modern films the film makers used the different songs for different themes and locations; in that the filmmakers incorporated different theme songs for each and every occurrence and setting that the film. This includes the conflict, love and sad scenes, while in classical films the film maskers used one theme song that would be used in designated scenes in the film in that they selected specific places where the soundtracks were placed and that was in cases of transition.