Divine queenship is a word described by two words which are combined to have a different meaning. “Divine” means something that needs intervention of God or a force beyond nature. A real queenship is considered as an enlightened woman who has all the gifts given by creation. She is considered to be a Goddess who respects and follows the footsteps of the people who came before her. Because of her divine alignment, she can contribute to all realms that are involved for endeavor to be achieved. A divine queenship can contribute towards medicine, art, arcane sciences, architecture and mathematics. Since women are the ones who give birth, it is the female species that is responsible to maintain the blood line. In many cultures including those with high social standards the female species is worshipped and is assumed to be having royal power. Men are also contributors in the genetic growth of the commodity, but it is said keen responsible men are hard to come by. In Egypt, Cleopatra was possessed divine queenship.
Cleopatra’s story begins with a wrangle with her brother over who was to take over the Egyptian throne, which was not as Cleopatra VII was hoping. Cleopatra tried to make herself the only sovereign that led to her husband, Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII, to drive his sister out of the palace located at Alexandria. Cleopatra’s husband was supposed to be her co-ruler according to traditions and the father’s will. In her early twenties, Cleopatra ran away to Syria, only to return accompanied by a mercenary army, and set camp just on the outskirts of the capital. A queenship is supposed to be a wise lady who follows and respects those who came before her, and that was what Cleopatra was trying to do by assuming power. She further goes ahead to perceive herself as a deity by moving to a foreign land for sometime and mobilizing the army.
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Julius Caesar – a possible for Cleopatra to regain the throne
Julius Caesar was the Roman General at the time and had once visited Egypt as he was in pursuit of a military rival. Julius Caesar visited Alexandria in 48 B.C and found himself also involved in the family wrangles involving Cleopatra. Egypt had for decades maintained friendship with Rome, and as a result took care of the Nile Valley. The river was the main contributor to Egypt’s economic wealth, which created an interest from the Romans. Caesar at a time considered residence at the royal palace of Alexandria, summoning the siblings to advice them on how to maintain peace. This was because he was willing to make peace with Egypt on any disagreements that were pending. Ptolemy XIII had a security force that prevented the sister to the king from entering Alexandria. Cleopatra considered that the diplomatic intervention of Caesar would play a role in helping her regain the throne she so much wished for. She at a time sneaked in the palace to try and influence the audience that was being addressed by Caesar. She even at a time asked her servants to wrap her up using a carpet, which Apollodros; the servant gave to the Caesar. These are qualities of queenship where she tries her best to regain her kingdom for the good of her people. The fact that she used a carpet to be moved from one part of the palace to the next further depicts her attitude as a deity.
Cleopatra was young at the time and focus was placed on the process of getting out of the carpet where she had hidden herself, especially in movies. The scene was not only important in the film but also in Cleopatra’s life as it is said that she applied all her talents since the time she was born. She never gave up aiming at taking the throne, and being an Egyptian leader, a quality that is mainly exhibited by queenship. Cleopatra viewed herself as being divine, as it was the case with most people of her time. This was because since her birth, people often referred to her and her family as gods and goddesses. Cleopatra was aware of the need to conserve her image and mystique by displaying lots of splendor, constantly identifying herself with the high ranked people in the society. This further shows that she was a deity as she is given consideration above other female characters in the society. This also shows her divine queenship as many people believed that her leadership skills were not usual and had to have some divine interventions.
Cleopatra was considered to be a mistress of disguise by using different costumes as she could dress for different occasions differently to suit her course in the occasion. This further depicts her as a good politician and deity. This also shows her divine queenship as she displayed her strong desire to influence people to follow her views and political beliefs. Cleopatra emerged from the carpet smartly dressed and asked Caesar for help, a plead that won the favor of the latter. This is also seen as a quality of divine queenship where a lady uses her ability to manipulate other leaders to achieve her goal. For her to be considered by the acting king, who was Caesar she had to possess some influence in the land, further showing her deity. With the help she was offered, Cleopatra finally managed to regain control of Egypt’s throne. Ptolemy XIII was not amused by the step that Caesar had taken to allow Cleopatra back in power. During the course of the civil war, he Ptolemy XIII drowned in the great Nile and passed away, leaving Cleopatra in power.
As a show of appreciation, Cleopatra bore Caesar a son though he was already married. According to Egypt’s culture at the time, Cleopatra needed to get married to her brother who was still alive by the name of Ptolemy XIV. However, in 44 B.C, Caesar was killed leaving Cleopatra with a lot of power and even murdered Ptolemy XIV to prevent him from challenging her son’s succession. This act is not according to divine queenship that requires a leader to be at peace with his/her subjects. To make sure no one challenged her leadership, Cleopatra also chased her sister, Arsinoe, which is also not a characteristics of a divine queen or a leader who possessed deity. Egypt’s politics at the time was characterized by such mistreatment, and hence Cleopatra had to act tough for her sake and that of her son. Taking care of the family is a good characteristic of divine queenship, but it should not be done at the expense of other citizens. After ensuring all domestic threats were neutralized, Cleopatra seriously started to focus her attention on leading Egypt. The elimination of political hindrances by Cleopatra also hindered her qualification as a divine queen as some of the people she chased were innocent.
Cleopatra – a goddess of Egypt
This is a quality that enhances her depiction as a deity, and also to display her leadership as that of divine queenship that required lots of praises from the subjects. Most leaders in Egypt especially those that ruled in Alexandria had a Greek origin including Cleopatra herself. However, Cleopatra did not wish to learn Greek or get involved in their cultures as she stated that she loved Egypt. This was a quality of divine queenship to be patriotic to one’s country no matter the circumstances. Cleopatra constantly identified herself as being the real Egyptian pharaoh, using patriotism as her main strategy to maintain her position. This was another display of divine queenship, and her possession of deity.
Apart from maintaining her position in power, Cleopatra also aimed at maintaining Egypt’s independence. She made sure that was no interference from the Roman Empire that was rapidly growing. This is also a character displayed by divine queens who cared not only about themselves but also on the welfare of their fellow citizens. She allowed trade between Egypt and the Eastern nations that led to Egypt’s economical development. This also displayed her leadership skills and her deity as she managed to lead a country to economical success. As a result of the stable economy in Egypt, it was considered by other nations as a world power. She made friends with Mark Antony who was a Roman general aiming at preventing Octavian, Caesar’s successor from making Egypt a subject to Rome . This showed the ability of Cleopatra to lead the country. This further displayed Cleopatra’s divine queenship as she struggled to defend her country, and also showed her deity in putting the interest of her nation first.
In the book Cleopatra displays her divine queenship before and after she took leadership of Egypt. However, in the course of her ruling, she undertook some actions that were against divine queenship for her own benefit. Deity was also evident sometimes in her ruling although she sometimes did not show it in her actions.