Review and discuss research design and the various options for data generation that fit the five research methodologies we have been studying.
Research design might take several forms. According to Creswell (2013), the first step of a research is locating a site for research. After this, gaining access and making rapport follows. The researcher then conducts a purposefully sampling. Collection of data then follows where a researcher may opt to use forms of data collection such as observations, interviews and reading from original sources of data. The researcher then records the findings that he might have obtained from a particular interview. Field issues that might have occurred during research are then studied. The last step is storing the findings obtained from a particular research. Various options of data generation fit the five forms of research methodologies. In a narrative research, data is mainly generated from documents and archival materials. Open-ended interviews may also be used to generate data in this research methodology. In phenomenology research, interviews are mainly used in order to assist in data generation. Grounded theory also applies interviews and between 20 to 30 people are interviewed to generate data. Ethnography uses participation observations and interviews. Case study uses documents, records, interviews and observation to collect data.
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For each research methodology, what forms of data generation are we likely to apply and why?
Narrative research mainly deals with the collection of data that is present on stories, texts and discourses. It mainly seeks to interpret the ideas that are present in stories and texts. It shows that documents and archival materials should be mainly used to collect this data. Phenomenological research mainly aims at using shared experiences that might be contained in a certain phenomenon (Creswell, 2013). It therefore shows that personal interviews should be used in order to get different experiences that might be shared by people. Grounded theory research mainly aims at building an explanatory theory. It uses inductive research to obtain knowledge from the field. Interviews of about 20 to 60 people should be conducted in order to ensure that the researcher obtains the correct data for analysis. Ethnography mainly concentrates on studying the culture of the research participants. The main form of data generation that should be used is interviews. By interviewing the participants, the researcher will be able to know about the culture of the participants. Case studies are in depth studies of a particular organization. Observation should be mainly used to generate data in this method since they will help the researcher to participate actively during data collection (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe, Jackson, 2012).
Reflecting on your organisational issue or problem identified and discussed in previous weeks, suggest a qualitative research design that would produce useful data. How would the data be generated? Refer to the recommended literature to be specific about the tools that you would use and what you would need to consider in developing these tools.
The problem that I identified in our organization is that of knowledge hoarding among the members of my investment team. I want to conduct a qualitative research in order to find out the factors that cause members of our investment team to avoid sharing knowledge about the investment ideas that they have. I will use the qualitative research design suggested by Creswell. The steps of this research include locating site, gaining access and making rapport, purposefully sampling, collecting data, recording information, resolving field issues and storing data (Creswell, 2013). The data from my research will be generated by interviewing employees. I will also use open-ended questionnaires to collect data from the members of my investment team. I will need to formulate questions that are clear since this will help me to generate adequate information from the participants.
According to Yin (1994) or others, when would you choose case study research? If you were designing case study research in your own organisation, how would you collect your data? What are the specific issues associated with being a participant in the research setting?
I will use case study when I want to collect deep and specific information from a particular department in our organization (Yin, 1994). If I were designing a case study research from my own organization, I will mainly use observation and interviews as tools of data collection. This is because they will enable me to get first hand information about a particular problem that may be facing our organization. Since I will be a participant in this research setting, I may let my personal bias affect my data collection and analysis. This may affect my judgment leading to wrong results of the research.