International security risks refer to events that pose danger to international security systems. These events result into major would cause adverse effects if they occur. Governments all over the globe are setting up stronger security systems that would help deal with the security risk. This has led to collaboration between countries through world bodies such as the United Nations. Countries have come together to form worldwide security machineries that would help fight any form of threat across the borders. Drug trafficking across countries and terrorism are among the major security risks that the entire world is trying to deal with. They have both threatened security in the world as the criminals take advantage of the existing security loopholes to execute their activities hence adversely affecting populations across countries.

This paper explicates the issue of international security risks and how they could be dealt with

Both terrorism and drug trafficking involve secret operations that are conducted by an underground networks. Terrorism involves surprise attacks that are secretly planned before being executed. It involves individuals in secret and underground networks that could not be easily reached by security agents. Terrorists tend to carry out their training activities in isolated areas such as deserts and forest because they would not be easily located. The final attack is always secretly conducted with no initial warning resulting in adverse effects. Drug trafficking involves similar secret operations and underground networks. Secret cartels with massive financial resources link up with powerful individuals in several countries and secretly traffic drugs across the borders. The powerful individuals that link to drug cartels provide loopholes in the security efforts making it easier for drugs to get into the country. All this is done in a secret and unknown manner.

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They both involve the use of major organizations such as religious groups and legitimate global businesses. Terrorists usually organize themselves into a religious movement that would help identify them. They use religious bodies as immunity against security agents. These bodies usually involve extremist ideologies that are not common to the rest of other religions. Terrorism is executed by the use of religious tags as a shield as these individuals move across countries. Drug trafficking involves the use of large legitimate global businesses as a shield against security agents. The traffickers pretend to be carrying out a legitimate business with a known world company. Through this, they easily conduct the illicit business across countries without being suspected as they are linked to the business.

On the other hand, drug trafficking is always profit oriented while terrorism is always politically motivated. Drug traffickers carry out their illicit businesses with the aim of generating enormous profits as their returns. Selling drugs across all countries in the world gives them a profit advantage and thus, a motivation. The aim of traffickers is to maximize their sales with the aim of getting enormous financial rewards from all countries across the globe. Terrorism differs from drug trafficking as it is usually politically motivated. It involves political ideologies and targets countries that are politically against the movement. The major aim of terrorists is to retaliate against political threats aimed at their operations.

Terrorist groups seek the attention of the media to threaten the public while drug trafficking does not. Despite the fact that terrorists operate secretly, they often seek the attention of the media in the efforts to intimidate countries and their civilians. The main objective is to instill fear among individuals before the actual operations mature. Drug trafficking doe not seek media attention, as traffickers do not want to be recognized by anyone in the world. Therefore, they keep to themselves as they carry out their operations, the media could only report in cases of arrest of the traffickers.

In order to achieve long-lasting results, all the governments all over the world should unite and form umbrella security machinery. This would be vital because it would help in the discovery of the secret networks between the countries. Thorough investigations should always be conducted in cases where the events occur, as this would help reveal the secret operations of both criminals.

Levels of security

Human security is the provision of protection measures for individual members in the world. National security refers to the measures undertaken to protect a given state against both internal and external attacks. International security refers to the measures taken be international organizations such as the United Nations and countries all over the world to ensure that global safety is achieved.

All these levels of security are similar in the manner that they are aimed at the security of a given entity. Human security is aimed at the security of individuals within the world. This means their respective rights are respected and safety guaranteed. National security aims at protecting the entire state. All citizens within the boundaries of a given country are protected from internal and external aggression. International security is aimed at protecting individuals and countries all over the world. This is achieved through mutually negotiations and agreements.

They differ in the in the levels they address security concerns. Human security addresses security among individuals. This means that it is aimed at persons within the society. National security is only aimed at a given country. It only addresses security problems within the boundaries of a given country while international security seeks to address world concerns in matters of security. Countries come together and formulate security measure for global well-being.

The next decade could have major security challenges due to the continued technological revolution. Individuals around the world are getting access to the newest technology. This would help modify their operations hence achieving harder tactics that could not be easily discovered by security agents in the world. The challenges would be different from those in the cold war era because of the complicated technological devices that would be employed in the execution of the final operations.

The forthcoming challenges could be more serious due to the evolution of technology over the years. Criminals are getting many loopholes by use of technological scanning of the security bases before the final execution of their activities. Both of the challenges relate in the manner they affect individuals, states, and the international community. They cause adverse effects, which are undesirable all over the world. Military and non-military security measures should be equally balanced in the fight against crimes in the world. The balance of power would ensure that all criminal fronts are covered thus, eliminating any loophole that could be used to execute criminal activities. Unification of military and non-military tactics would efficiently fight crime as the approach comes from all quarters.

My course of security

I would develop the course be first asking questions relating to the security challenges I would wish to address. This would help me to properly understand the students and the areas that need emphasis in the course design. I would then decide on the topics to incorporate in the course and develop measures that would enable me identify the level of understanding students would gain from the course. Finally, I would develop learning activities such as assignments that would boost understanding of various facts among learners in the course.

In the course, I would include the following major sources to reinforce understanding.

Critical Approaches to International Security a book written by Karin M. Fierke

International Security: the contemporary agenda written by Roland Dannreuther

International Security: politics, policies, prospects written by Michael Eugene Smith

International Security: Widening Security written by Barry Buzan

Gender and International Security: feminist perspectives written by Laura Sjoberg

InternationalSecurityResources. Com

Dictionary of International Security by Paul Robinson

International Security: An analytical survey written by Michael Sheehan, a website that explains international security.

I would use these sources because they all provide a clear definition of the matters relating to international security. In addition, they give solutions on how international security could be enhanced for the better of the entire world. They give various types of serious crimes that are happening in the world today. This would help in the emphasis of the international crime issue and everyone would understand the course better.


Drug trafficking and terrorism are similar because they both involve secret operations and underground networks. This means individuals carry out the activities in secrecy without being discovered easily. On the other hand, terrorism is always politically motivated while drug trafficking is profit motivated. Terrorists carry out their operations with a political agenda on their minds while drug traffickers are always aimed at maximizing profits from their activities. Human security, national security, and international security are related because they all aim at addressing security needs of a given entity. They differ because each addresses security concerns at different levels. Human security is limited to individuals; national security is limited to the state while international security covers the entire world and involves mutual agreements between countries. In the process of developing a course outline relating to international security, I would first ask relevant questions relating to international security. I would then adopt sources basing on the need of the course in order to emphasize the issues covered.

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