The Rome Empire was the post democrat period of the earliest Roman evolution. It is described by an autocratic form of administration and a large regional investment in Europe and around the Mediterranean. The term is used to explain the Roman government during and after the time of the first emperor. At the beginning of the Roman Empire, there was a Latin princess who had two children, fathered by the deity mars. The princess was not allowed to have children. This made her children to be taken away from her. A she Romeo found the boys and raised them until she was killed by a shepherd. The shepherd took the responsibilities of raising the boys. The shepherd built a city and then Romulus killed Remus and named it Rome. Thereafter, there was the religion of Etruscans. There was no one who had any idea where they came from. They spoke a different language from anyone else in the ancient world.
They were known to be the Italy’s first highly civilized people. These people were also known to be farmers, miners, merchants and mental workers who enjoy music and dancing. They were practicing all these activities during seasonal occasions. These people gave women the right to own property and also to go out to the public to even express themselves. The religion of Etruscans was characterized by polytheistic. They believed in more than one god. They had to find out what their gods wanted. They viewed the universe in different ways. This made them to built cities facing the east. They believed to have a cemetery city of the dead. The roman civilization was due to the following contribution; the arch, sewer systems and gladiator games. These are the games aimed for men and animals. The Rome Empire rose because Rome’s most powerful weapons appeared to be empowered. They brought down Italy, but also they later stated the rights and freedom of roman citizenship, or at least good administration, confidence and a sensible fairness system.
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Development of the empire began in the days of the democracy. The empire later reached its greatest extent under Emperor Trayan. Just like any other society, Rome was divided into two main social classes, the rich and the poor. The rich were mainly the powerful patricians who were the only ones allowed to hold office. They made laws to cheat the poor who were hard working plebeians who earned money through their hard work. However, the laws were changed by consuls who felt the importance of writing down all these unfair laws on 12 tablets in favor of the poor plebeians in order to ensure that, no one could cheat them. Plebeians were either farmers or storekeepers. They lived in small rooms. Working was their way of livelihood but unfortunately, their children did not go to school.
On the other hand, patricians had large beautiful houses with skylights to collect rainwater. Their children also went to school. All the same, the boy-child went on with more schooling called a rhetorical education which the girl child was excluded from. Education was the key for such boys and girls to get successful careers such as politicians to better their lives and ensure that the rich lifestyle trend was maintained in the society.
The fact that, the Rome government was ever changing made it possible to meet the needs of the people with the changing times. In the beginning, a king ruled but later, the emperors were ruling. With time, there was the development of the consuls, the senators and their assembly called ‘comita centuriata.’ Julius Caeser is a good example of a man who claimed himself as a leader. Some people opposed his rule during the time of Pax Romans, which was characterized by massive wealth in Rome and a great period of peace.
Unfortunately, Brutus and Caeser’s so called “trusted friends” were one of the rebel group leaders. The words of the fortunate teller Brutus and his rebels stabbed him. The people on the other hand, took this as a positive step to destroy Caeser. They had been eagerly waiting for a strong leader to protect them from the toils of war. Jesus was a Jew who brought a lot of changes in the Jewish religion. Christianity did not begin until after his death. The apostles believed that Jesus was the messiah. Jews were treated unfairly and Christians were being prosecuted and killed. Christianity was outlawed until an emperor named Constantine became interested in it. He is the man who helped Christianity grow but wasn’t baptized until shortly before his death.
The Economic Infrastructure
The rise of the Rome Empire was based mostly on the economic infrastructure. There were a number of reasons why the Rome Empire had its feet on the ground firm enough. One of the reasons is that, Rome had mineral resources such as, silver and gold which helped the empire develop economically. The structure of the society contributed largely to the rise of the empire. This is because of the concept of patria potestas which was extremely important in the Roman society. This concept was generally about the authority of fathers or husbands in a family who had complete authority over their families and paramount obedience was required by the members of the family. The fact that, there was slavery in Rome led to its rise. This is because, labor that was provided was free and hence the Romans did not use any capital to pay for work done. They saved a lot of capital and this enabled them to do more constructive things.
A lot of growth
Such growths were modernized buildings, art, silverware and jewelry. Their great sense of design attracted other countries of the world thus making them become famous. They constructed beautiful brickwork valued buildings. In terms of art, Rome was well known for its unique sculptures, paintings and magnificent works of art. A good example is the ivory carvings. During its rise, it also conquered the sector of silverware and jewelry. All these developments gave the Rome Empire a good opportunity for trade to sell their products to the outside world leading to its economic stability. Rome also had a well established military trope. The Roman Empire was in a pursuit for the control of Mediterranean. They ensured no one stood in their way. Their strong warriors conquered the Punic wars which led to Rome being in full control of the Mediterranean. As they continued conquering wars, the empire expanded and extended from Spain to Syria.
Reasons of Rome declined
The decline of the Roman Empire started after the Pax Romance because of political and economic reasons and problems with the foreigners. The power was sold to the highest bidder after the guard killed Commodus. There was diversity and hence a threat to peace since this led to chaos every time a leader died. As a result, all leaders became dictators and almost all of them were killed by their guards. Another reason Rome declined was because armies had grown to being pampered and this made them wealthy. Taxes were therefore out of control. One emperor made the effort to rearrange everything but still it did not succeed. The empire split into two, the western empire which was Rome while the Eastern Empire was Constantinople which was founded by Constantine. The two rulers tried to bring Rome back together but failed. Barbarians attacked Rome leaving it in ruins after being attracted by wealthy cities and rich farmland. The greatest empire of all time had finally crumbled down to nothing.
Economic decline was one of the main resources why the Rome Empire declined. Economic decline also led to decline in population because of poor maintenance of infrastructure. Economic weakening was mainly caused by lack of funds and widespread looting by the ‘Barbarians’ of the treasury, as well as insufficient trade in the Eastern region and hence stopping the flow of income in the west. The Western Empire encountered economic problems due to the changing and unpredictable rainfall patterns and climate in the Mediterranean. Military decay was another reason for the Empire‘s decline. It declined because of lack of security, the main threat being the Barbarians who brought down the mightiest Empire. The military force in the west collapsed hence leading to collapse of the Roman government in the west.
The lack of recruits to the army from the Roman backgrounds led to the decline of the Empire. Christianity was another course of the Roman Empire decline. This is because it eroded the beliefs of the Romans and the values causing conflict between Christians and the pagans. It hence led to the persecution of Christians and also to the decline of the Empire mainly because Christian’s religious beliefs conflicted with the way the empire was working. Church leaders had also become influential and they managed to take power away from the emperor. Division of the Empire since it was not only geographically split but it was also culturally split. It was comprised of Latin and Greek population. It may have survived after the division because it had a stable military basis, more money, better rule as well as the highest population.
The Roman Theatre
Although the Roman theatre resembles in some ways the modern one, it was quite different. Unlike modern performances, theatre events in Rome were usually a part of celebrations that included hunting, gladiator fights and other ways of entertainment. Firstly, the Roman theatre differs in the way how it was built. According to the popular opinions, the Roman theatre was mainly built nearby temples so that gods could watch the plays performed on the stage. Secondly, theatres were not permanent constructions, and they had no seats. Moreover, the content of the performances differed a lot. In Ancient Rome, theatre performances had a harmful effect on moral values. They included scenes depicting violence, sex and aggressive behavior. Unlike modern actors, whose profession is considered to be decent, performers in Roman times were humiliated. Furthermore, there is a profound difference in the way the actors were dressed in the Roman theatre. They wore masks and chitons – the long robes, and the audience could recognize the status of the characters only by the colors of the garments they wore. Nowadays theatre performances are a kind of passive entertainment, while in Ancient Rome, a theatre was a place where the lower classes could express their viewpoints or make complaints to the emperors.
According to some researchers, the Romans stole the idea of the Ludi Romani, or the Roman games which celebrated in honor of Jupiter, from the ancient Greeks, who founded the festival, called the City Dionysia. Both the Ludi Romani and the City Dionisya are religious festivals. The Ludi Romani was held annually in September and included a procession accompanied with sacrifices to the god Jupiter. On the contrary, the City Dionysia, was held in spring starting at the end of March and continuing till the beginning of April to make a feast in honor of Dionysus, the god of fertility and wine. The main events of the Ludi Romani were dangerous and bloody sports venues, such as chariot races and gladiators’ fights, boxing, and theatrical competitions. Concerning the City Dionysia, it included two parts – theatrical and choral competitions. Theatrical competitions included performances of tragedies, comedies and dramas. Choral competitions were held among boys and men who were singing dithyrambs. During the City Dionysia, wine and other delicacies were given to the audience.