According to Professor Harris Hanns, the Head of Humanities and Political Studies at the University of Minnesota, the relations between the Native Americans and the United States has been increasingly strained from the time of the United States of America’s conception in 1776 till 1850. Driven by the desire to confiscate larger parcels of agricultural and settlement lands initially occupied by the Native Americans immediately after the Declaration of its Independence, the United States formulated strategic plans to gradually evict various tribes of the Native Americans namely Muscogee/Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, and Seminole from their ancestral lands in the Southern regions of the present United States. This paper highlights therefore the US relations with the Native Americans form the founding of the states through 1850.
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The first round of the systemic acrimony between the United States and the Native Americans began in 1790 when the United States first confiscated Native American lands in the Lower Creek, east of the Mississippi River, to help ease high population pressure Georgia and other adjacent states. The extent of the Native Americans’ displacement intensified as the United States demanded more land for the settlement of its population and practice of a large scale agricultural crop production. As the Native Americans became aware of the U.S future plans of their intense eviction and relocation from their ancestry land, they viewed the U.S government as their arch rivals.
It is most notable that tension between the United States of America and the Indian Native Americans reached peak in 1830 when the U.S congress passed The Indian Removal Act under the regime of President Jackson. The Act required that all the remaining Native Americans be forcefully evicted by the United States Army. The U.S Army executed this order thus perpetrating injustice of the highest order against the innocent Indians. This drastic unexpected move prompted the major Native tribes to unite and jointly fight the U.S Army in bid to resist the loss of their land to the United States. As a result, the Native Americans declared an open war and revolts against the United States in several fronts as Cherokee’s Court appeal to have Indian removal policy failed.
Little Turtle War was the first armed conflict that erupted between the U.S government and the Native Americans concerning the controversial contents of the Paris Treaty, signed between British colonial power and America, that accorded the U.S ownership of the Indian ancestral lands between Mississippi River and Appalachian Ranges. Despite the fact that the land originally belonged to the Native Americans, the U.S was determined to posses it against all odds. As the Native Americans formed western confederacy to protect their territory beyond the Ohio River, the armed tension escalated leading to a fully fledged war between the two sides.
Several other Native Americans: Seminole, Creek, Chickasaw, and Cherokee perceived the United States government as a common enemy and the reverse is also true. Amidst forceful eviction by the U.S Army, these tribes engaged the soldiers in a fierce battle for instance The Blue Jacket and Little turtle that saw the confederacy emerged victorious. Even though the United States later overwhelmed the Native Americans in the Seminole War, the battle of the Horseshoe bend, and the red stick, the latter are still determined to struggle for the repossession of the confiscated lands though the judicial systems.
In conclusion, the brutality, racial discrimination, and physical violence that the Native Americans were subjected to by the U.S during their forceful eviction from the ancestral land completely brought about a permanent hatred and enmity between the two. Hitherto, the displaced Native Americans attribute their lamentations to the injustices perpetrated against them by the United States of America.