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Utilitarianism refers to the morally accepted values that seek to ensure that one creates happiness in the other person. In other words, individuals’ actions should please others rather than annoy them. Utilitarianism is based on the fact that everyone in this planet has a brain connected to a machine. This machine helps the brain in detecting all the indications of pleasure and it helps in the process of acknowledgement. This happens when the machine helps in distinguishing extra pleasure and ignoring and suppressing hurtful and painful feelings. This means happiness can occur only in the presence of intellectual ability of a brain. Excessive pleasure has also been seen to destroy utilitarianism in some way when the machine struggles in the process of pleasure production. The sophisticated system regards not only the final product of happiness, or utility, in deeds, but also considers the motives of events and the degree to which happiness can be formed not only for the person, but also for the other members of the general public as a whole. This philosophy ensures that the wishes of the majority are followed. It is, therefore, a foundational concept for democracy. This may be problematic in some cases since it commits the fallacy of assuming that the majority is always right.
Utilitarianism philosophy has been criticized on the bifurcation of its principle interpretations into ‘rule’ and ‘act’ utilitarianism. The rule emphasizes the significance of rigid codes of moral behavior that may not be dishonored. The utilitarianism act, however, allows for a freer understanding that allows the flouting of certain Utilitarian rules under individual conditions. Furthermore, utilitarianism focuses on the chief concept of justice as it applies to the doctrine of liberty and utility. Human rights ought to be respected. This implies that people should not derive their happiness from abusing human rights. Critics have also suggested the noteworthy restrictions of an ethical system that tries to reduce human activities and behavior to straightforward rational calculations of pleasure versus pain.
Morally accepted values range from one environment to the other. For instance, these values could apply to young people in schools and adults in their workplace. Utilitarianism seeks to ensure that one creates happiness in the other person. Utilitarianism revolves around the importance of being able to maximize an individual’s happiness while abiding to morality.
There are difficulties faced in the quest for happiness. For instance, when a judge finds someone to be guilty where he has misinterpreted or may have misunderstood the case, this is decisively wrong. Since he has studied law, it is his duty to know those who are guilty and those who are not. In the end, his ruling will indicate that justice has been served. Still on the same perspective, for cases like theft, it is clear that stealing is against government rules and regulations. Therefore, the government has all rights to enhance the property rights of the society. To some people, they do take stealing as a way of life and the government is there to perform its duty so as to uphold its laws and eradicate such behavior in the society.
To others, description of utilitarianism, is where one does not invest on what he or she has, instead he is supposed to give out all he has to the needy such as the third world countries. This is not logical since the needy will benefit a lot from the rich and instead of working hard they will end up relaxing so that they are offered free things by the rich. Working hard is the key to success. This implies that if laxity is entertained in the society, it will lead to backwardness in the strive to build a nation. Eventually, this leads to increased poverty and other cases such as theft. Minimized rest, comfort and entertainment can help a lot in the productivity of the society which means idleness can fail the productivity and thereby lead the poor sustainability of the society.
The relationship between traditional perspective and utilitarianism
This is such that utilitarianism mostly checks on reasons. This is so as to establish whether conventional rules of conduct are correct as per traditionalists in the taking of traditional moral values. This is because they have been raised and taught as per the rules throughout their life in the society. Conventional moral views do not automatically appear but they are introduced either through evolution or naturally. Cultures are classified as in the natural selection where cultures with significant moral values will spread to the society and become an important aspect simply because their values are of a better choice than different choices from other society. Human rights ought to be respected. This implies that people should not derive their happiness from abusing human rights. This is because it is the democratic right of each individual to enjoy their individual space. Utilitarianism does not accept other people’s decisions as they make their own decisions. Moral values with positive effects are accepted fully in the society while as those with negative effects are rejected completely. Traditions on the other hand, create disagreement in the utilitarianism where at some point the society may come to disagreement of values, hence causing hatred in turn leading to fight among them.
Generally, utilitarianism depends on an individual’s own perception on what is right and what is wrong. This implies that behavior is greatly subjective. This is based on the background where people grew throughout their early life. This is because those teachings remain in their cycles for many decades.
The utilitarian differ in the society
The utilitarian differ because of the way they treat human rights and on the utilitarianism rule, human rights are considered as moral rules. They do not consider human rights as moral values to themselves. This does not mean that they discard moral rules but they sometimes agree to them. For example, they may agree to create unhappy condition (on the enslaver) and later in minor terms create happiness. They may still take the rules at hand of human right in order to torture to some point as an immoral act and later support human right in legal perspective since they support rules which are good and not harmful to the utilitarian. There are many ways that utilitarianism considers to human rights. This implies that human right should be provided with guidelines on how the society must reorganize their priorities. This human right should be greatly be considered especially by the utilitarian who handle these human rights with minority interest. Utilitarian should be motivated so that they are committed to human rights and adhere to them. If people are commitment to human rights, they will be aggravated by a fear for a world where utility guides public policy.
A story is told of an overweight man who deliberately boarded a boat meant for people who weighed less. The boat carries ten passengers and when it reaches the middle of its journey, the captain realizes that the boat will capsize unless the heavy man is drowned in the sea. The captain faces a dilemma since it would be morally wrong to drown the man. On the other hand, the whole boat would capsize and all the other ten passengers would drown. Such a story clearly shows the conflict between morality and utilitarianism.