The resources analyzed herein are those which relate to the end of the Second World War. They are the resources which highlight the statements of individuals showing accounts at the ending of the war. People like President Truman, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and General Eisenhower, who later became a U.S. President, are highlighted to show the ending of the Second World War. A map is also presented as another document in this analysis. All the documents analyzed herein are those which came out or were constructed in the year 1945. This year is identified as the one when the Second World War was wound up. There are many points of similarity in these resources. Besides targeting the end of Second World War, all the resources also talk about Germany. Their focus on the defeat of Germany is a point that cannot be missed.
From Truman to Eisenhower and Churchill, the message is that Germany is down and the war is over. The three indeed show some degree of jubilation. The message they all want to pass is that the U.S. and the Soviet had done this. Here, the four resources identify key players in the defeat of Germany, which are the United States and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). In the map, this is highlighted in the big portions that are taken by the two. In their discussions, the three leaders appearing in three of the resources highlight the military might of the two countries. From the statement of Churchill, it is easy to identify that the U.S. and U.S.S.R were the powers that were asserting control over the other Allies (Britain and France). In addition, it also comes clear that the U.S. and U.S.S.R are at a conflict trend. This comes out more from the resource of President Truman’s statements. The resources also talk about the Allied forces. In the map, these forces are simply identified by the zones they occupy.
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Thus, taking into consideration the above mentioned points, general summary can be made about these resources and their relevance. First of all, they all recognize power play as an important element in the interactions between the U.S. and U.S.S.R at the end of the Second World War. This in effect identifies these resources as suggesting that the ending of the Second World War was causation of the cold war. The event of significance here is the defeat of Germany, which, as these resources identify, created a power vacuum inside and outside Germany. A second conclusion which can be made here is that from the Second World War, exposure of military might was the common quality observed in the U.S. and U.S.S.R forces, which became a source of threat between them and, thus, led to the cold war of engaging in arms acquisition.
The resources also reach an important conclusion about the American history. From the behavior of the President and General Eisenhower as well as from what Churchill says, the American society at the time can be identified as a disciplined society, living by rules, where decisions are reached through systematic process involving hierarchy. From this, it is easy to imagine leadership in families and homes as taking the trend of leadership by hierarchy and decisions by leadership. The American society is also described as an open society. This is clear in the radio communication of Truman. Besides, the resources appeal to the important moments of the American history, such as the period of increased global politics interests. It identifies the beginning of the militarily superiority assertion by the country. These are the periods which continue to be important for the country.
The surrender of Germany
This source presents the statements of the key players in the surrender of Germany in the Second World War. Among the contents of the document are the articles of the surrender, the program for the transfer of power and the reactions of the United States’ President Harry S. Truman in a radio broadcast to the people of the United States of America. The source is important because it presents the realities of transfer of power by the Germans during this surrender, where the United Sates and the other ‘Allies’ led by the Soviet Union come to the fore as the beneficiaries of this fall of Germany. To the history of the United States, the source presents one of the defining moments in the radio address by President Truman. In this address, the President appeals to the moral and ethical principles of the people of the United States, which ultimately remain the important principles even today. To the history of the Cold War, the source presents the situation and information of increased interest about the two of Allied forces (U.S. and Soviet Union); an interest that was bound to elicit tensions and thus, Cold War.
This map shows the way Germany was shared among the Allies after they had defeated the county’s armies in the events closing the Second World War. In the Map, four foreign forces are identified to have partitioned the country into zones. These forces are France, Britain, Soviet Union and the United States; thus, the zones they occupied were identified as the British zone, Soviet Union Zone, American zone and French zone. From the map, it is clear that the American zone and the Soviet Union zone were the two big zones, as they appeared more than double in size when compared with the zones occupied by the other Allies. This map is important in the history of the United States since it shows the interest that the county had in Germany and other European countries at the close of the Second World War. In history, a potential basis for conflict between the United States and Soviet Union, also called the Cold War, is easy to identify in the map from the closeness and the bigger interests they had in Germany at the end of the Second World War.
This resource presents direct statements of Winston Churchill as he gives accounts of the defeat of Germany war, which ended the Second World War. Churchill’s accounts here highlight the might of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. in the war which defeated the Germans. This resource is basically important in the analysis of the American history because it defines the beginning of the military superiority, which resulted into the United States being the superpower it is today. In the context of the Cold War, the resource identifies the might of the two countries (U.S and U.S.S.R), a factor which was to play a great role in the suspicions they had to each other, thus the Cold War. This resource enriches the view that the might of these two countries was bound to be a source of discomfort for each party as they sought to gain the dominance they enjoyed, as it is described here by Churchill.
This resource presents direct statements of General Eisenhower, who was leading the United States in the war against the Germans. In the resource, Eisenhower shows complete command over the operation and even directs other nationals on what to do. This document is an important one in the American history in two ways. First of all, it is the way it presents the contribution of Eisenhower, who later became the President of the county. Secondly, the document presents the defining moment in the country’s superiority in world politics – a fact which is relevant for the population today. In the context of the cold war, the resource identifies the superiority of the U.S., which was bound to be source of discomfort for U.S.S.R.